We can truly state that the material and non-material cultural heritage of Serbs in Croatia most definitely does not lacks in variety thanks to its historical context. The current state of the heritage is an indicator of the position the Serb community and the anti-fascist and Yugoslav tradition in Croatian society. The available data shows that some 3000 anti-fascist monuments were destroyed in the recent war. These figures do not include destroyed or damaged Serbian Orthodox churches, Orthodox episcopes’ residences, forts, cemeteries, and county and birth memorial houses. The reconstruction and protection of monuments and heritage plays an important part of re-affirmation of the contemporary Serb identity. However, State's institutional practices have failed to develop the mechanism of protection.

There are several key factors which are taken into consideration when assessing the reconstruction of monuments and the heritage protection - memorial and artistic aspects regarding the formal status, the degree of destruction done in the last war and finally the actual institutional and social neglect. The initiatives for the monuments’ reconstruction are mostly taken by the surviving victims or their descendants, local Serbian councils and the members of the anti-fascist movements.

A good example is the finished restoration project of monument Ustanak by Vanja Radauš in Serb. The replica of the monument dedicated to the Uprising of people in Lika and Kordun was formally unveiled in 2010. The monument was restored thanks to the financial support of the Croatian government and through donations given by the members of Lika associations in Serbia.

One of the significant current initiatives is the reconstruction of Jadovno memorial by the author Ratko Petrić, unveiled on Remembrance Day 2011. The monument's reconstruction, which was totally devastated in the 1990s, was financed by the Croatian government. Apart from being involved with the reconstruction, the SNC, in co-ordination with the Upper Karlovac Eparchy, the Association of Jewish Councils and the Association of Anti-fascist War Veterans are setting a list of demands regarding Jadovno before the Ministry of Culture: creation of the legal framework that would define the boundaries of the first concentration camp of Independent State of Croatia (NDH), commemoration of execution site, foundation of systematic research and documenting center that would also bear memorial character and educate the future generations on the concentration camp complex Jadovno-Gospić-Pag. The degree of Croatia’s and the whole society’s neglect is evident having in mind the fact that the vandals who destroyed the memorial plaque twice in 2010 and 2013 were never brought to justice.

Under the initiative of the surviving prisoners of so called Children’s Camp in Sisak established during the Independent State of Croatia (NDH), steps were taken and application submitted to the local authorities in 2012 to preserve Children’s cemetery, where around 2000 Serb war orphans were buried. Also, this initiative has also campaigned for the creation of the adequate memorial lane that would link all concentration camp locations of that region.

The initiative which was the least successful was that of putting up a memorial plaque on The Memorial Home in Glina, where in summer of 1941, Ustashas executed a great number of Serbs. In 1960, a Memorial Home was built to mark the tragedy of the local Serb population. After the Operation Storm the Home was renamed as Croatian Home. Up to now, the local authorities in Glina, despite the overall support given to the initiative, have refused to return the original name. Furthermore, in October 2014, the City Council of Glina passed a Decision on designated place of wreaths, flowers and candles placing on the territory of Glina in order to officially prevent commemoration of innocent Serb civilians murdered on the site.

The SNC will strive to protect and reconstruct all memorial places and areas. However, the lack of current capacity and resources are slowing down this process. Due to this, our contribution mostly lies in initiating processes or research such as The Tower of Stojan Janković in Islam Grčki whose documents were archived in the catalogue of Stojan Janković Tower Fundus. The SNC is tirelessly campaigning for the reconstruction of the memorial monument at Petrova Gora, by Vojin Bakić, which has been routinely vandalized since 2011.

Special questions are raised when it comes to honoring the memorials of the key moments of the Serbs suffering in the last war. This comes at the time when no or few court proceedings were initiated against the perpetrators of crimes against the Serbs. As a result, victims have not been granted the right to reparation hence remembrance gatherings cannot take place or the memorials cannot be constructed. Rare examples are memorial plaques in Varivode and Golubić but they are subjected to constant acts of vandalism. At the commemorative gathering in Gošić in 2013 a memorial was unveiled in the shape of traditional drystone wall in circular form dedicated to all villagers killed after Storm Operation. The idea of the author David Kabalin was to emphasize the absence of people who were either killed or exiled.