Cultural memory of Serbs in Croatia is marked by the interweaving of the Orthodox heritage and memories of the wealth of the medieval Serbian state with ethnological and political specificities of life of people who left their homes in front of the Turkish invaders and settled in the territory of today's Republic of Croatia. Memories of the motherland, exile and the beginning of a new life are part of the key elements of each cultural identity – of the language and script, religion and tradition. Unlike religion, language and script, which they share almost entirely with their motherland, the tradition of the Serbs in Croatia is in many ways specific. It is based on the role of Serbs in key events and processes that have drastically changed and usually improved the lives of all people on the territory of the today’s Republic of Croatia. Thus it may be said that the Serbian cultural identity had been developed over a long-term period, from the time of raising the monastery walls, such as the Krupa monastery that was built in 1317, to the rule of Kantakuzina Katarina Brankovic over the territories of Ulrich II, till the introduction of the Cyrillic alphabet in the public education system in Croatia in 1888 and the development of Serbian schools in the period before the First World War.

Events in the Second World War, with a focus on genocide and attempt of a final solution to the Serbian question in Croatia, drastically disrupted achievements of the Serbian community and its leading figures in the field of science, art, economy and politics up to that point. One of the first decrees in the Independent State of Croatia was related to the prohibition of the use of the Cyrillic alphabet. With the genocide against the Serbian people, Orthodox churches were destroyed, and tangible cultural goods were systematically looted. In the times that followed, Serbo-Croatian armed coalition brought completely new forms of cultural identity and life in the Federal Republic of Croatia. The anti-fascist movement fostered culture of winning on the foundations of ZAVNOH (State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Croatia), which was, in spite of state-building element, built on civilization principles of humanism and the Enlightenment. There was a significant process of loss of national cultural traits in that period, although the folklore and ethnological differences were carefully nurtured and emphasized as the wealth of the common state.

The last decade of the 20th century has drastically affected the cultural element of Serbs in Croatia. Namely, it was exiled from the national and constituent level into the folklore heritage and as such it remains until the present day. The position of Serbian culture in Croatian society is exacerbated by the drastic depopulation and continuous migration of younger generations, undeveloped areas inhabited by ethnic Serbs and painful legacy of war. The cultural identity of Serbs today is primarily determined by the negative social capital which causes a sense of shame in the official Croatian cultural memory and leads to preventive assimilation. In such conditions the cultural status of the Serbian community, which is defined as a national minority in the current legislation, is the indicator of its political status and of the difficult position in which the largest number of Serbs in Croatia now stand.

Activities that involve memory, learning and activism are necessary to make the culture of the Serbian community one of its developing strengths. Such activities have been taking place in the Serb National Council since 2008 and the establishment of the Department for Culture within several units of activities.