location: On 29 October 1991, members of the Požega civil protection and police began to carry out orders about the evacuation of all citizens from 26 villages that had either exclusively or a majority of Serb population living in the Požega valley at the foot of the Papuk and Psunj mountains. One day earlier, Slavonska Požega Crisis Headquarters issued an order about evacuation, which had to be carried out within 48 hours. The order included the following villages: Oblakovac, Vučjak, Čečavski, Jeminovac, Šnjegavić, Čečavac, Koprivna, Rasna, Pasikovci, Kujnik, Orljavac, Crljenci, Sloboština, Milivojevci, Podsreće, Vranić, Nježić, Požeški Markovac, Klisa, Ozdakovci, Poljanska, Kantrovci, Gornji Vrhovci, Lučinci and Oljasi. Later, Smoljanovci and Ruševac were added to this list. According to the 1991 census, these villages had a population of 2120 inhabitants. Of all of them, only Poljanska, Orljavac and Lučinci were ethnically mixed, while the rest of them were populated only by Serbs. Evacuation did not encompass the Croatian villages of Ivandol, Deževci, Perenci, Toranj and Biškupci which bordered with the Serb villages. These villages were marked as ‘collecting districts’ for the population.

time: October — December 1991

description of crimes: Written order on evacuation displayed in public places on 28 October 1991 stated that “Chetnik terrorist forces and JNA units are recently increasingly endangering civilian population in the western part of the Slavonska Požega municipality” and that evacuation is undertaken “with the goal to protect their lives and to enable a more successful defence of Croatian forces’ positions in this area”. Some of the people from the 26 villages that the evacuation order referred to did as requested by the Crisis Headquarters, but some decided to stay in their houses. Although people were promised that upon return, they would find everything as they left it, soon after evacuation, looting, torching, and mining of Serb houses began. According to some data, in the next several months, more than 600 houses and farm buildings were torched or mined. Most inhabitants of the villages Vučjak Čečavski and Šnjegvić refused to evacuate, and part of those evacuated from other villages found refuge there. On 10 December 1991, units of the 121 brigade from Nova Gradiška and the 123 brigade from Slavonska Požega began and extensive operation of clearing the terrain in the areas of Vučjak Čečavski, Šnjegavić, Jeminovac and Ruševac. During the “clearing”, Croatian forces killed at least 41 persons in these villages. The majority of villagers killed were Serbs, civilians, mostly elderly women. In Šnjegavić, a mass grave was unearthed on 11 December 2000, in which the remains of thirteen persons were found. The identification of bodies is still pending. The remains of most persons killed, have not been found yet.

victims (missing and killed)

Šnjegavić

  1. Draga Protić
  2. Bosiljka Protić
  3. Ljubomir Protić
  4. Milan Protić
  5. Stanko Protić
  6. Ana Radmilović
  7. Ilija Radmilović
  8. Anka Radmilović
  9. Milan Radmilović
  10. Janko Živković
  11. Anđa Stanković
  12. Mileva Milošević
  13. Jula Radmilović

Čečavački Vučjak

  1. Milka Šimić
  2. Mile Dulić
  3. Rajko Starčević
  4. Ljubica Carević
  5. Milka Starčević
  6. Mileva Ivanović
  7. Ljubica Carević
  8. Branko Ivanović
  9. Nikola Živković
  10. Jagoda Dulić
  11. Jagoda Starčević
  12. Mara Trkulja
  13. Anđa Starčević
  14. Dulić Radojka
  15. Carević Milan

Ruševac

  1. Stevo Ranosavljević
  2. Ana Ranosavljević
  3. Mijo Ranosavljević
  4. Anđa Trlajić
  5. Ljuba Trlajić
  6. Jagoda Miličić
  7. Đuro Vasić
  8. Kata Čičković

Čečavac

  1. Mila Radić
  2. Jovo Radić
  3. Mile Mijatović

Oljasi

  1. Nikola Davidović

Ozdakovci

  1. Marija Milinković

judicial consequences: On 17 March 2000, the first criminal charges related to this crime were raised against unknown persons, but no one has, to date, been held responsible for these crimes.