Serbs in Croatia as an ethnic minority have special rights when it comes to educational system. However, the implementation of positive legislature greatly depends on political and social context which causes many problems to Serbian community regarding education. The SNC is constantly working on monitoring of legislative implementation process and solving individual problems as they appear.

The principle problem is that schools where the teaching is conducted according to model A, in Serbian language and Cyrillic script, are not as such registered as schools of Serb ethnic minority. This solely refers to schools in the predominately Serb populated areas, like the primary schools in Bobota, Bršadin, Borovo, Markušica, Negoslavci, Trpinja, Bijelo Brdo and Jagodnjak. Since the Erdut Agreement has been signed, there has neither been political will on the part of any Croatian Government to coordinate legislative acts nor to carry out the process of re-registration of schools from county to the Ministry of Education level. It is difficult to plan any strategy for such schools due to their unregulated legal status.

The model A curriculum is carried out by using textbooks published in 2009 in Croatian and then translated in Serbian language and Cyrillic script. For the national group of subjects, except Serbian language and literature, the supplements have been written, yet waiting for the approval by the Ministry of Science, Sport and Education.

The model C has not been confirmed for over a decade. In its actual implementation, out-of-date textbooks are in use. The additional problem in implementation of this model is its co-ordination with school lessons and other students’ obligations. Unfortunately, the Education and Teacher Training Agency does not even employ a counselor in charge of the matters mentioned. What is more, in 2012 the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports abolished Council for National Minorities.

Nonexistence of the faculty of Serbian language at any of the universities is also a problem. There was such faculty program at the Faculty of Teacher Education in Zagreb but it has been abolished just when three generations of teachers graduated.

The aggravating circumstances regarding implementation of minority education models lie in the fact that, according to current Curriculum, national minorities are not adequately represented in Croatian history, literature, language, science and culture. The unique opportunity to teach youth about cultural diversity and exchange of cultural experiences and practices is neglected. The Curriculum stigmatizes Serbs in the context of last war and at the same time contribution of significant Serbian movements, processes and individuals to the Croatian history are ignored. Furthermore, inadequate teaching on Holocaust and genocide during the Second World War committed on the territory of Independent State of Croatia (NDH), as well as omission of educational topics regarding anti-fascist period when Croats and Serbs fought side by side to ward off the evil of the Nazi Germany represent a major issue.

Children and youth of Serbian community are mostly affected by the above mentioned issues. The SNC tries to influence the relevant authorities and civil society institutions to remove injustice inflicted to these vulnerable groups of the Serb community. The responsibility is also placed upon parents to steer their children in the direction of social tolerance.